Palestine: Ephemeris of Resistance
2017 Palestine was a Palestine of ephemeris, which seem to be circling throughout history.
The year marked a century of the Balfour Declaration, the first document that indicates the establishment of a Jewish state in the region, written by the British secretary of foreign affairs to Baron Rothschild, then leader of the United Kingdom's Jewish community. The text suggests the facilitation of a "Jewish National Home" if England defeated the Ottoman Empire, which until then had dominated the region.
In 2017, 50 years of the Six Day War were also completed, which, in 1967, marked the expansion of the territory of the already established State of Israel. Through an offensive by the armed forces, the Sinai peninsula, the Golan Heights, the West Bank and Gaza were occupied by the Israelis, despite the fact that the territorial divisions, already demarcated by the United Nations (UN) in 1947, clearly delimit the borders of the Palestinian State.
In addition, in the following year, the creation of the State of Israel celebrated its 70th anniversary, an event in May 1948 that was marked by the expulsion of at least 700,000 Palestinians from their homes and the destruction of more than 500 villages, which is still popular known today by the Palestinians as the Arabic word "Nakba", in English, "catastrophe".
Finally, in 2017, three decades have been passed since the beginning of the First Intifada, a Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation that began on December 9, 1987, in a refugee camp in Gaza, and that took over the entire region. The intifada gathered violent fighting and was severely suppressed by Israeli armed forces, which left hundreds of Palestinian civilians and guerrillas dead. The revolt ended only in 1993, with the signing of the Oslo Accords.
Palestine 2017 is also a Palestine that resists, a people that decide to stay, despite everything: "sumud", is the feeling transformed into an Arabic word by the Palestinians.
A total of 85% of the Palestinian population has already been expelled from their territory, having become refugees or internally displaced persons, and only 15% of the original Palestinian properties remain. According to data from UNRWA, the United Nations agency for specific assistance to Palestinian refugees, there are at least 6.14 million Palestinian refugees from 1948 and descendants living around the world.
Another fact that is impressive is the number of 800,000 Palestinians imprisoned through the system of administrative prisons since 1967, the year of the Six Day War. And at least 75 Palestinians have died under torture since then, according to information from the Addameer organization, a civil institution that supports Palestinian prisoners and victims of torture.
Based on this historical legacy and data, after forty days traveling through the occupied territory of Palestine in the West Bank, the report from Brasil de Fato and Revista Fórum came into contact with a series of organizations, realities and stories, which were divided into six reports that explore the socio-political context and conflict in the region today. Check out.